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Testicle Self-Exam

When You Should Call a Doctor

If you discover any lumps on your testicles when you do a self-exam, see a doctor right away. Also see a doctor if you notice any of the following changes:

  • One testicle has gotten noticeably larger or smaller.
  • You have a dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin.
  • You have a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
  • You feel pain or discomfort in the scrotum or a testicle.
  • You notice an enlargement or tenderness in your breasts.

Any of these could be a warning sign of cancer or something else, such as an infection. Only your doctor can diagnose what the problem is and decide on the proper treatment.

But only you can do the monthly exam and notice changes that should be examined. Remember, the earlier a problem is found, whether it's cancer or something else, the more options there are for treating it, and the easier it will be to treat.

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Daniel Brennan, MD on October 22, 2013

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