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What are the different types of bipolar disorder?

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There are two subtypes of bipolar disorder: bipolar I and bipolar II.

  • With bipolar I, a person alternates between extreme states of depression and intense mania. With the mania, the person might be abnormally happy, energetic, and very talkative, with no need for sleep for days. He or she might also have hallucinations, psychosis, grandiose delusions, and/or paranoid rage, all of which might require hospitalization and medications. Once bipolar I begins, it typically persists throughout the person's life.
  • With bipolar II, a person has depression but a lesser form of elation called "hypomania." While someone with either mania or hypomania may have grandiose mood and reduced need for sleep, hypomania is a period of incredible energy, charm, and productivity. It's often associated with high achievers.

From: Teens and Bipolar Disorder WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: Davis, RE, , 1979; 136(5):702-706. Sachs, GS; Baldassano, CF; Truman CJ; Guille, C , 2000; 157(3):466-468. Wozniak, J; Biederman, J; Richards, JA; , 1002; 62 (suppl 14):10-15. Keck, PE Jr; McElroy, SL; Arnold, LM, 2001; 85:645. National Institute of Mental Health web site: "Child and Adolescent Bipolar Disorder: An Update from the National Institute of Mental Health." Fieve, R., Pennsylvania: Rodale, 2006), American Psychiatric Association, , 4th ed., Washington, D.C., 1994. About.com web site: "Living with Bipolar as a Teen." PsychCentral web site, "Teens and Bipolar Disorder. "





American Journal of Psychiatry, American Journal of PsychiatryJournal of Clinical PsychiatryThe Medical Clinics of North America,Bipolar II. (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on May 8, 2018

SOURCES: Davis, RE, , 1979; 136(5):702-706. Sachs, GS; Baldassano, CF; Truman CJ; Guille, C , 2000; 157(3):466-468. Wozniak, J; Biederman, J; Richards, JA; , 1002; 62 (suppl 14):10-15. Keck, PE Jr; McElroy, SL; Arnold, LM, 2001; 85:645. National Institute of Mental Health web site: "Child and Adolescent Bipolar Disorder: An Update from the National Institute of Mental Health." Fieve, R., Pennsylvania: Rodale, 2006), American Psychiatric Association, , 4th ed., Washington, D.C., 1994. About.com web site: "Living with Bipolar as a Teen." PsychCentral web site, "Teens and Bipolar Disorder. "





American Journal of Psychiatry, American Journal of PsychiatryJournal of Clinical PsychiatryThe Medical Clinics of North America,Bipolar II. (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on May 8, 2018

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