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What are the two types of major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern?

ANSWER

Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern, also referred to as winter or seasonal depression, is depression that starts and ends at the same time each year. There are two types of this disorder - fall-onset and summer-onset. The fall-onset type, often called "winter depression," is more recognized.

SOURCES:    

Kessler, R. , 1994.  Archives of General Psychiatry

Wehr, T. 1987.  American Journal of Psychiatry,

Miller, A. March 2005.  Altern Med Review,

Rosenthal, N. Sept.-Oct. 1994.  Primary Psychiatry,

Coiro V. 1993.  Psychoneuroendocrinology

Sep-Kowalikowa B. , Nov.-Dec. 2002.  Psychiatria Polska

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., American Psychiatric Association, Washington, 2000. 

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., American Psychiatric Association, Washington, 2013.

Rosenthal, NE, Oren, DA, "Light Therapy" , 2nd ed., Gabbard, GO (Ed), American Psychiatric Press, Inc., Washington, 1995.  In: Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders

MedlinePlus.

eMedicine.

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on February 18, 2020

SOURCES:    

Kessler, R. , 1994.  Archives of General Psychiatry

Wehr, T. 1987.  American Journal of Psychiatry,

Miller, A. March 2005.  Altern Med Review,

Rosenthal, N. Sept.-Oct. 1994.  Primary Psychiatry,

Coiro V. 1993.  Psychoneuroendocrinology

Sep-Kowalikowa B. , Nov.-Dec. 2002.  Psychiatria Polska

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., American Psychiatric Association, Washington, 2000. 

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., American Psychiatric Association, Washington, 2013.

Rosenthal, NE, Oren, DA, "Light Therapy" , 2nd ed., Gabbard, GO (Ed), American Psychiatric Press, Inc., Washington, 1995.  In: Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders

MedlinePlus.

eMedicine.

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on February 18, 2020

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When should I call my doctor about seasonal depression?

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